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Types of Customer Advocacy Programs: Unlocking Growth Through Brand Champions

Posted by Kevin Yun | Last updated Jan 21, 2024

In today's digital age, word-of-mouth recommendations carry more weight than ever before. Customer advocacy programs have emerged as powerful tools for businesses to harness the enthusiasm of their most loyal customers, turning them into brand champions who drive growth and build trust. But what exactly are these programs, and how can they be implemented effectively?

This comprehensive guide explores the various types of customer advocacy programs, their benefits, and strategies for success. Whether you're a B2B growth marketer looking to boost your company's reputation or a customer success manager aiming to increase retention, understanding and implementing the right advocacy program can be a game-changer for your business.

Table of Contents

  1. Understanding Customer Advocacy
  2. Benefits of Customer Advocacy Programs
  3. Types of Customer Advocacy Programs
  4. Implementing a Successful Customer Advocacy Program
  5. Measuring the Success of Your Advocacy Program
  6. Challenges and Best Practices
  7. The Future of Customer Advocacy

Understanding Customer Advocacy

Customer advocacy refers to the practice of cultivating and empowering satisfied customers to actively promote and support your brand. These advocates go beyond simply being repeat customers; they become enthusiastic champions who share their positive experiences with others, influencing potential buyers and strengthening your brand's reputation.

At its core, customer advocacy is built on trust and mutual benefit. By providing exceptional products, services, and experiences, businesses can organically create advocates who are genuinely excited to spread the word about their brand.

Benefits of Customer Advocacy Programs

Implementing a well-structured customer advocacy program can yield numerous advantages for businesses:

  1. Increased Brand Awareness: Advocates amplify your message, reaching audiences that may be inaccessible through traditional marketing channels.

  2. Enhanced Credibility: Potential customers trust peer recommendations more than advertising, making advocacy a powerful tool for building credibility.

  3. Higher Customer Retention: Engaged advocates are more likely to remain loyal, reducing churn and increasing customer lifetime value.

  4. Cost-Effective Marketing: Word-of-mouth marketing generated by advocates is often more effective and less expensive than paid advertising.

  5. Valuable Feedback: Advocates provide honest, actionable feedback that can drive product improvements and innovation.

  6. Improved Sales: Recommendations from satisfied customers can significantly shorten the sales cycle and increase conversion rates.

  7. Competitive Advantage: A strong advocacy program can differentiate your brand in crowded markets.

Types of Customer Advocacy Programs

There are various types of customer advocacy programs, each with its own strengths and ideal use cases. Let's explore the most effective options:

Referral Programs

Referral programs incentivize existing customers to recommend your product or service to their network. When a referral results in a new customer, both the referrer and the new customer typically receive a reward, creating a win-win situation.

Key Features:

  • Easy-to-share unique referral codes or links
  • Tiered rewards based on the number or quality of referrals
  • Clear tracking and reporting of referral activity

Example: Dropbox's referral program famously offered additional storage space to both the referrer and the new user, leading to a 3900% growth in users over 15 months.

Customer Reviews and Testimonials

Encouraging satisfied customers to leave reviews or provide testimonials can significantly impact potential buyers' decisions. This type of advocacy leverages the power of social proof to build trust and credibility.

Key Features:

  • Streamlined process for submitting reviews
  • Integration with popular review platforms
  • Highlighting top reviews on your website and marketing materials

Best Practices:

  • Actively solicit reviews at key moments in the customer journey
  • Respond to all reviews, both positive and negative, to show engagement
  • Use video testimonials for a more personal touch

Social Media Advocacy

Social media advocacy programs empower customers to share their experiences and promote your brand across various social platforms. This can significantly extend your reach and engagement.

Key Features:

  • Shareable content created specifically for social media
  • Hashtag campaigns to track and aggregate user-generated content
  • Social media monitoring tools to identify and engage with advocates

Example: Adobe's #Adobe_Perspective campaign encourages users to share their creative work made with Adobe products, showcasing real-world applications and fostering a sense of community.

Brand Ambassador Programs

Brand ambassador programs identify and nurture your most enthusiastic customers, providing them with exclusive benefits and opportunities to represent your brand.

Key Features:

  • Application process to select qualified ambassadors
  • Exclusive perks and early access to new products
  • Training and resources to effectively promote the brand

Best Practices:

  • Set clear expectations and guidelines for ambassadors
  • Provide ongoing support and engagement opportunities
  • Recognize and reward top-performing ambassadors

Customer Advisory Boards

Customer Advisory Boards (CABs) bring together a select group of customers to provide strategic input on product development, market trends, and company direction.

Key Features:

  • Regular meetings (virtual or in-person) with key customers
  • Structured agenda for gathering feedback and insights
  • Direct access to company leadership


  • Deeper customer relationships and loyalty
  • Valuable insights for product roadmap and strategy
  • Increased customer buy-in for new initiatives

User-Generated Content Campaigns

User-generated content (UGC) campaigns encourage customers to create and share content featuring your product or service. This authentic content can be highly influential for potential buyers.

Key Features:

  • Clear guidelines and prompts for content creation
  • Dedicated hashtags or submission platforms
  • Curated showcase of the best user-generated content

Example: GoPro's user-generated content strategy has been hugely successful, with customers sharing exciting footage captured using their cameras, effectively demonstrating the product's capabilities.

Customer Communities

Online customer communities provide a platform for users to connect, share experiences, and help each other. These communities can become powerful hubs of advocacy and support.

Key Features:

  • Discussion forums or Q&A sections
  • User-generated tutorials and tips
  • Integration with your customer support system


  • Reduced support costs as customers help each other
  • Increased product adoption and engagement
  • Valuable insights from community discussions

Loyalty Programs

While not exclusively advocacy-focused, well-designed loyalty programs can encourage customers to become advocates by rewarding engagement and promotion activities alongside purchases.

Key Features:

  • Points system for various activities, including referrals and reviews
  • Tiered membership levels with increasing benefits
  • Exclusive experiences or products for top-tier members

Best Practices:

  • Make rewards attainable and relevant to your audience
  • Incorporate advocacy activities into the point structure
  • Use data analytics to personalize rewards and experiences

Implementing a Successful Customer Advocacy Program

To create an effective customer advocacy program, follow these steps:

  1. Define Your Goals: Clearly outline what you want to achieve with your advocacy program, whether it's increasing brand awareness, generating leads, or improving customer retention.

  2. Identify Your Advocates: Use customer data, engagement metrics, and feedback to identify potential advocates. Look for customers who are already actively promoting your brand or those who have expressed high satisfaction.

  3. Choose the Right Program Type: Based on your goals and target audience, select the type of advocacy program that aligns best with your business objectives.

  4. Develop a Rewards System: Create incentives that motivate participation while ensuring they align with your brand values and customer preferences.

  5. Create Engaging Content: Provide advocates with easy-to-share content and resources that help them effectively promote your brand.

  6. Implement Technology Solutions: Utilize advocacy software platforms to manage, track, and optimize your program efficiently.

  7. Train Your Team: Ensure your customer-facing teams understand the advocacy program and can effectively engage with and support advocates.

  8. Launch and Promote: Announce your program to eligible customers and create excitement around participation.

  9. Monitor and Iterate: Regularly assess the program's performance and gather feedback to make continuous improvements.

Measuring the Success of Your Advocacy Program

To evaluate the effectiveness of your customer advocacy program, track these key performance indicators (KPIs):

  1. Advocate Growth Rate: The increase in the number of active advocates over time.

  2. Referral Conversion Rate: The percentage of referrals that result in new customers.

  3. Net Promoter Score (NPS): A measure of customer loyalty and likelihood to recommend.

  4. User-Generated Content Volume: The amount of content created by advocates.

  5. Social Media Engagement: Likes, shares, and comments on advocate-generated content.

  6. Customer Lifetime Value (CLV): The total value of a customer over their entire relationship with your company.

  7. ROI of Advocacy Program: The overall return on investment, considering program costs and generated revenue.

KPI Description Calculation
Advocate Growth Rate Measures increase in active advocates (New Advocates - Churned Advocates) / Total Advocates at Start of Period
Referral Conversion Rate Percentage of referrals becoming customers (Number of Converted Referrals / Total Referrals) x 100
Net Promoter Score (NPS) Measure of customer loyalty Percentage of Promoters - Percentage of Detractors
User-Generated Content Volume Amount of content created by advocates Total pieces of UGC created in a given period
Social Media Engagement Interaction with advocate content (Likes + Shares + Comments) / Total Posts
Customer Lifetime Value (CLV) Total value of a customer relationship (Average Purchase Value x Purchase Frequency) x Average Customer Lifespan
ROI of Advocacy Program Overall return on investment ((Revenue Generated - Program Costs) / Program Costs) x 100

Challenges and Best Practices

While customer advocacy programs offer significant benefits, they also come with challenges. Here are some common issues and best practices to address them:

  1. Challenge: Maintaining long-term engagement Best Practice: Regularly introduce new challenges, rewards, and opportunities for advocates to stay involved.

  2. Challenge: Ensuring authenticity in advocate content Best Practice: Provide clear guidelines while allowing advocates creative freedom. Encourage personal stories and experiences.

  3. Challenge: Scaling the program as it grows Best Practice: Invest in advocacy software that can automate processes and provide detailed analytics.

  4. Challenge: Measuring the impact of advocacy efforts Best Practice: Implement robust tracking systems and regularly analyze both quantitative and qualitative data.

  5. Challenge: Balancing rewards with genuine advocacy Best Practice: Focus on creating intrinsic motivation through recognition and community building, not just extrinsic rewards.

  6. Challenge: Complying with regulations and disclosures Best Practice: Ensure all advocates understand and comply with relevant regulations, such as FTC guidelines for disclosing relationships with brands.

The Future of Customer Advocacy

As technology evolves and customer expectations shift, the landscape of customer advocacy continues to change. Here are some trends shaping the future of advocacy programs:

  1. AI-Powered Personalization: Artificial intelligence will enable more personalized advocacy experiences, matching advocates with opportunities that align with their interests and behaviors.

  2. Increased Focus on Employee Advocacy: Companies will recognize the power of turning employees into brand advocates, blending internal and external advocacy programs.

  3. Integration with Customer Experience Platforms: Advocacy programs will become more tightly integrated with overall customer experience strategies, creating seamless journeys from satisfaction to advocacy.

  4. Virtual and Augmented Reality Experiences: Innovative brands will leverage VR and AR to create immersive experiences for advocates, enhancing engagement and sharing opportunities.

  5. Blockchain for Transparency and Rewards: Blockchain technology may be used to create more transparent and secure reward systems within advocacy programs.

  6. Micro-Influencer Partnerships: The line between customer advocates and micro-influencers will blur, with brands developing more sophisticated strategies to leverage both.

  7. Data Privacy and Ethical Advocacy: As data privacy concerns grow, advocacy programs will need to prioritize ethical data use and transparency in their operations.

By understanding these trends and continuously adapting your advocacy strategy, you can stay ahead of the curve and maximize the impact of your customer champions.

In conclusion, customer advocacy programs offer a powerful way to harness the enthusiasm of your satisfied customers, turning them into a driving force for growth and brand loyalty. By carefully selecting and implementing the right type of program for your business, you can create a sustainable cycle of positive word-of-mouth that elevates your brand above the competition. Remember, the most successful advocacy programs are those that genuinely value and nurture the relationship with advocates, creating mutual benefit for both the customer and the company. As you embark on your advocacy journey, keep the focus on authenticity, engagement, and continuous improvement to build a thriving community of brand champions.

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